Instruments Care


WARNING: All re-usable instruments supply by Smile Surgical are not sterlised.

Smile Surgical’s Approved Sterilisation Methods:

We recommend steam autoclave and ethylene oxide (ETO) sterilisation methods. Steam autoclave is highly efficient method of sterilisation which will not dull sharpness of instruments. If steam autoclave and ethylene oxide methods are not available, dry heat and chemical vapour methods are also recommended. We don’t approve chemical sterilisation methods. These methods destroy your instruments quickly and if used will eventually invalidate the warranty of your instruments.

Sterilisation Advice:

Instruments should be dry before sterilising and in the open position when sterilised. Instruments trays should never be overloaded. Sterilising units must be cleaned and functioning properly. Autoclaves have high levels of moisture and can be damaging if not in good working order. Purified, distilled water must be used in autoclave sterilisation units. We don’t recommend using tap water. It contains minerals which can cause corrosion and discolouration of instruments. Take out the instruments from the autoclave immediately after cooling when the sterilisation cycle is completed. Ensure that all tips and joints of the instruments are moisture free. Moisture may cause corrosion.  Before storage, instruments should be properly lubricated with silicon based lubricant.

Cleaning of Instruments:

Always clean the instruments thoroughly in order to enhance the life span of your instruments. Bulk debris should be removed immediately after use. We recommend Enzymatic Cleaning solution in an ultrasonic cleaner to clean the instruments. Ultrasonic solution must be changed on daily basis. Instruments with hinge must be cleaned in an open position. Oxidation and discoloration may occur if instruments are not thoroughly cleaned. Always use disinfectants and detergents which are suitable for use with dental and surgical instruments. With regards to concentration and length of exposure, detergents manufacturer’s instructions should be followed strictly.
Tap water should be avoided during the cleaning of instruments. It contains minerals which can cause corrosion and discolouration of instruments. Tap water can also neutralise the rust inhibiting and lubricating solution.

We recommend the use of purified, distilled water in ultrasonic cleaning units. It is also recommended to use non-rinse ultrasonic solution that contains both lubricant and rust inhibitor prior to sterilisation and follow the manufacturer’s exact solution measurement. Never leave the instruments in the ultrasonic solution after the cycle is finished. Instruments should be removed and dried immediately.

Lubrication of Instruments:

Instruments must be lubricated regularly to increase the life time of instruments. It should be carried out daily or at least on weekly basis. Prior to sterilisation, instruments must be lubricated. Lubricants designed specifically for precision hinged instruments should be used. Make sure to use lubricant that is well-suited with the operating temperature of your dry heat unit if dry heat steriliser is using.

Sharpening of Instruments:

Regular sharpening of instruments for example cutters will enhance their service life and increase their ability to cut more effectively and efficiently. Smile Surgical’s recommended frequency of sharpening the cutters depends on how frequently you use them and also the diameters and type of wires on which the cutter is being used frequently. Cutters must be assessed regularly if sharpening is required.


All of the instruments manufactured by Smile Surgical are highly resistant to corrosion. Following care recommendations and maintenance tips can be followed to further prevent corrosion problems. Occasionally, discolouration of instruments may not be corrosion. Sometimes, organic materials that are deposited on the instruments during use can give the appearance of corrosion or can be mistaken for rust.
1.    An orange-brown stain is normally a phosphate layer caused by water sources, sterilisation solutions or cleaning detergents.
2.    A black stain is normally an acidic reaction caused by detergents.
3.    A dark brown stain is usually caused by dried blood residues.
4.    A blue-black stain is usually plating caused by autoclave cleaning materials.
Corroded instruments should never be mixed with non-corroded instruments as it may multiply the process of oxidation. We strongly recommend to discard or replace the corroded instruments immediately.
Prevention of Corrosion:
Corrosion can be an issue with any stainless steel instrument. Stainless steel requires oxygen to form a chromium oxide surface layer, which prevents it from corrosion. Bonding agents, organic residue and water droplets left on the instruments prevents oxygen to come in contact with the surface of the instrument and forming this protective layer.


Smile Surgical recommends the following to prevent corrosion:

1.    Prior to the sterilisation of instruments, all residual matter must be cleaned thoroughly.
2.    Instruments must be sterilised in open position.
3.    Instruments must be properly air or towel dried. Specifically take care of the joint areas and hinges.
4.    Corroded instruments should never be sterilised with non-corroded instruments as it may permanently transfers the iron oxide on the corroded instruments to the non-corroded instruments.


Smile Surgical’s Final Recommendations:

1.    All RE-USABLE instruments are delivered in NON-STERILE condition and must be cleaned, lubricated and sterilised before every use.
2.    All surgical instruments should be disinfected and cleaned immediately after use with disposable cloth/paper/ wiper etc.
3.    If the instruments come into contact with blood, tissue, physiological saline or other foreign substances, they should be rinsed with warm (not hot) water before the substance dries up on the instruments.
4.    We recommend cleaning solutions and rinse with pH7.0.
5.    Ultrasonic cleaning is recommended.
6.    For effectiveness, first clean the instruments off any residue before placing them in ultrasonic cleaner.
7.    After cleaning, all instruments should be dried immediately.
8.    Treat all instruments with oil which is considered as being physiologically safe (paraffin oil), especially their ends, ratchets, and moveable parts.   
9.    Instruments can be disinfected in Thermal washer-disinfectors.
10.    Do not leave instruments in cleaning or disinfecting solutions for long time (over night or weekend) otherwise instruments can be damaged.
11.    All instruments should be visually inspected for damage or breakage.
12.    It is the users responsibility to take proper care of the instruments
13.    We recommend laying down all instruments in their primary packaging.
14.    Vacuum autoclave (steam) is preformed at the temperature of 134oC.
15.    If instruments are dry heat (hot-air) sterilised, the temperature should be between 180oC to 190oC.
16.    Corroded instruments should be discarded immediately.          
17.    The instructions of the autoclave manufacturer must be observed always.
18.    Instruments must be stored in dry, clean and humidity-free environment without direct solar radiation.
19.    Protect pointed tips of instruments with cloth, gauze or a special protection tube available from Smile Surgical.

Maintenance of Instruments:

Smile Surgical always recommend to follow proper handling, care and sterilisation methods in order to increase the life span of your instruments and make sure they perform the best that they can.

If you would like to get any additional support or suggestion on looking after your instruments, please feel free to contact us on

Thanks and Best Regards
Technical Team (Smile Surgical Instruments)

News & Updates
Welcome To Smile Surgical Instruments. Please visit us in CEDE POZNAN 2017 At Stand No 7.A13.6 .... Smile Surgical Instruments new website is live now. New versions of catalogues have been uploaded. Kindly pop in to explore the website, catalogues. You name the instrument and we manufacture it. We will be extremely delighted to hear back from you.
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